isaiah 5 bible study

isaiah 5 bible study

Justifiably, He expected a good yield from His investment, but the vine’s product was “sour berries,” inedible and fit only for dumping. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. As we have said before, there is a physical house of Israel and a spiritual house of Israel. 25. anger . 12. homer . When we sing to God, we are expressing joy for what He has done. 6. thirst--( Psalms 107:4 Psalms 107:5 ). wherefore, when I looked that it should bring forth grapes, brought it forth wild grapes?”. The prophet’s point is that the judgment of God will bring the opposite of what they expect. early--when it was regarded especially shameful to drink ( Acts 2:15 , 1 Thessalonians 5:7 ). Second Woe--against intemperance. . end of the earth--the widely distant subject races of which the Assyrian army was made up ( Isaiah 22:6 ). viol--an instrument with twelve strings [JOSEPHUS, Antiquities, 8.10]. Otherwise, as in their own pasture [GESENIUS]: so the Hebrew in Micah 2:12 . Poetically, it is represented as enlarging itself immensely, in order to receive the countless hosts of Jews, which should perish ( Numbers 16:30 ). . Even the blessing of rain is withheld, because of their unfaithfulness to God. The poem is called the song of my believed, and resembles the Song of Solomon, but in this passage, it becomes a song of lament. . flame consumeth the chaff--rather, withered grass falleth before the flame ( Matthew 3:12 ). 18. Jesus Christ is the holy One. Isaiah gives a hint of the distinction and yet unity of the Divine Persons (compare He with I, Isaiah 5:2 Isaiah 5:3 ). Christians should be Christ like. What special thing did the LORD do for these Hebrews as long as they followed Him? So Lamech's boast of impunity ( Genesis 4:23 Genesis 4:24 ; compare Jeremiah 17:15 , 2 Peter 3:3 2 Peter 3:4 ). tremble--This probably fixes the date of this chapter, as it refers to the earthquake in the days of Uzziah ( Amos 1:1 , Zechariah 14:5 ). This is primarily speaking of the physical house of Israel. 5. go to--that is, attend to me. So tender disciples of Jesus Christ ( John 21:15 ) are called "lambs"; being meek, harmless, poor, and persecuted. The Vineyard of the LORD Destroyed - Let me sing for my beloved my love song concerning his vineyard: My beloved had a vineyard on a very … PARABLE OF JEHOVAH'S VINEYARD. When the LORD was with the Hebrews, they won their battles against the enemy. 4. 8. This is primarily speaking of God sending the prophets and judges of old to His vineyard, and yet they did not receive them. hills . . The conclusion of the extended discourse (begun at 2:1), comes by way of a comparison of God’s people to a vineyard which He cultivated, but which did not bear fruit. 11. When they became worldly, the LORD removed His protection from them, and they were overcome by their enemies. In the basic sense, this is speaking of them being overcome by the Babylonians. “Well-beloved” is speaking of the Lord. . As I have said before in these lessons, we are looking at all of the Scriptures in the Bible as a guide to us and what brings blessings from God. What will the Lord now do to His vineyard? till there be no place--left for any one else. Some should drop the name, Christian, because they follow the world, instead of Christ. What kind of vine was planted in chapter 5:2? The “vineyard” can also mean, the house of physical Israel. With all the past calamities, still heavier judgments are impending; which he specifies in the rest of the chapter ( Leviticus 26:14 , &c.). Let me sing for my beloved. In their deportation and exile, they shall hunger and thirst. In this lesson, we are looking primarily at the judgment that came upon the physical house of Israel, and primarily the men of Judah. Compare Isaiah 5:15 Isaiah 5:16 with Isaiah 2:17 ; Isaiah 5:1 with Isaiah 3:14 . Enrich your faith and grow in spiritual maturity with the incredible Bible study and devotional books listed below. . ( Leviticus 25:13 , Micah 2:2 ). tower--to watch the vineyard against the depredations of man or beast, and for the use of the owner ( Matthew 21:33 ). The LORD was their very present help. The vineyard is His followers. Ten baskets of seed will yield only … the earth--the land. Now I will sing for the one I love a song about his vineyard: My beloved had a vineyard on a rich and … The difference is the very fruitful hill. regard not . no knowledge--because of their foolish recklessness ( Isaiah 5:12 , Isaiah 1:3 , Hosea 4:6 , Luke 19:44 ). The Arabs call the fruit of the nightshade "wolf grapes" ( Deuteronomy 32:32 Deuteronomy 32:33 , 2 Kings 4:39-41 ). hiss--(compare 7:18). "The Beloved" is Jehovah, the Second Person, the "Angel" of God the Father, not in His character as incarnate Messiah, but as God of the Jews ( Exodus 23:20 Exodus 23:21 , 32:34 , 33:14 ). great and fair--houses. Banquets for revelry began earlier than usual ( Ecclesiastes 10:16 Ecclesiastes 10:17 ). The conviction of the prophet. Isaiah alludes plainly to the Song of Solomon ( Solomon 6:3 , Song of Solomon 8:11 Song of Solomon 8:12 ), in the words "His vineyard" and "my Beloved" (compare Isaiah 26:20 , 61:10 , with Solomon 1:4 , 4:10 ). Third Woe--against obstinate perseverance in sin, as if they wished to provoke divine judgments. 9. 2. fenced--rather, "digged and trenched" the ground to prepare it for planting the vines [MAURER]. Isaiah here applies the parable. Song is a form of praise. See Isaiah 5:2b,7b (printed... 3. The word “Well-beloved” is an expression of appreciation to Creator God and God our Savior. (Compare Isaiah 2:9 Isaiah 2:11 Isaiah 2:17 ). It is no mere human owner, nor a literal vineyard that is meant. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. The owner made every conceivable provision for the vine’s productivity and protection, illustrating the Lord’s purely gracious choice of Israel. God has planted the seed of the Word of God within us. Then you will produce fruit fit for God. God condemns sinners "out of their own mouth" ( Deuteronomy 32:6 , Job 15:6 , Luke 19:22 , Romans 3:4 ). Isaiah 5:1-30 . . 30. sorrow, and the light is darkened--Otherwise, distress and light (that is, hope and fear) alternately succeed (as usually occurs in an unsettled state of things), and darkness arises in, &c. [MAURER]. The transition from "branch" ( Isaiah 4:2 ) to "vineyard" here is not unnatural. . They strain every nerve in sin. vineyard of the Lord--His only one ( Exodus 19:5 , Amos 3:2 ). . ephah--Eight bushels of seed would yield only three pecks of produce ( Ezekiel 45:11 ). He intended to “punish” them Isaiah 5:5-6, and he appeals to them for the justice of it. Fourth Woe--against those who confound the distinctions of right and wrong (compare Romans 1:28 ), "reprobate," Greek, "undiscriminating: the moral perception darkened." The beloved is the lord, and Israel is the vineyard that has brought forth wild grapes. Isaiah's Conviction, Cleansing and Call. The jubilee restoration of possessions was intended as a guard against avarice. Music was common at ancient feasts ( Isaiah 24:8 Isaiah 24:9 , Amos 6:5 Amos 6:6 ). 17. after their manner--literally, "according to their own word," that is, at will. law--in its spirit, while retaining the letter. torn--rather, were as dung ( Psalms 83:10 ). They were a great disappointment to God. A new prophecy; entire in itself. The “vineyard in a very fruitful hill” is speaking of the church of the Lord Jesus Christ, which cannot be hid. one--only. 3. 10 Ten acres[ a] of vineyard will not produce even six gallons[ b] of wine. . wild grapes--The Hebrew expresses offensive putrefaction, answering to the corrupt state of the Jews. 28. bent--ready for battle. This is speaking of a time when the protection of the LORD is removed, and their enemies come and destroy them. The Hebrew nation was chosen from all of mankind to be God’s people. Cancel at any time. . God expected them to produce good fruit. Isaiah Bible Study Courses Section 1. Isaiah 5 ESV - The Vineyard of the LORD Destroyed - Bible Gateway. All ranks, "mean" and "mighty" alike; so "honorable" and "multitude" ( Isaiah 5:13 ). slumber--requiring no rest. A kettle drum, or tambourine. . The advantages of our situation will be … This is a study guide commentary, which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. Isaiah 5. Isaiah 5:1 “Now will I sing to my well-beloved a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. (22-23) Woe to the corrupt, who place greater value on drinking than on fairness and justice. The “tower” symbolized the protection they had from their enemies. Read your Bible for yourself and feed upon God’s Word as you would your daily food. judgment--justice. It was as if He had built a fence of protection around them, and the enemy could not destroy them. God will collect the nations round Judea like bees ( Deuteronomy 1:44 , Psalms 118:12 ). Then review the following questions and write your own notes on them concerning this introductory section to Isaiah’s prophecy. . His Word (Bible), will set you free from worldliness. From what standpoint are these lessons written. By a slight change of reading "a song of His love" [HOUBIGANT]. girdle--with which the ancient loose robes used to be girded for action. broken--The soles were attached to the feet, not by upper leather as with us, but by straps. fat ones--the deserted lands of the rich ("fat," Psalms 22:29 ), then gone into captivity; "strangers," that is, nomad tribes shall make their flocks to feed on [MAURER]. multitude--plebeians in contradistinction to the "honorable men," or nobles. Read through the complete passage for this study, Isaiah 1–5. The Jewish covenant-people, separated from the nations for His glory, as the object of His peculiar care ( Matthew 20:1 , 21:33 ). The Christian must not be drawn back into the world by getting fed the impure teachings. And now, &c.--appeal of God to themselves, as in Isaiah 1:18 , Micah 6:3 . Probably delivered about the same time as the second and third chapters, in Uzziah's reign. desolate--literally, "a desolation," namely, on account of the national sins. “Wild grapes” symbolize worldliness. swear a solemn oath: “Many houses will stand deserted; even beautiful mansions will be empty. Isaiah 5:7 “For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts [is] the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.”. But in gospel times. What are we doing, when we sing to the LORD? Try it for 30 days FREE. More About the Book of Isaiah Isaiah in the Picture Study Bible Timeline of the Ancient World Back to the Old Testament Back to Bible History Online . . work . nor the latchet . I cannot stress enough the need to study the Bible for yourself, so that you will not be deceived by many of the modern (worldly), teachings. The earth trembled as if conscious of the presence of God ( Jeremiah 4:24 , Habakkuk 3:6 ). Isaiah 5:1-30—Read the Bible online or download free. (For further background, see the ESV Study Bible… He would do to them as they would do to a vineyard that had been carefully prepared and guarded, and which yet was … Salem Media Group. 7. pleasant--"the plant of his delight"; just as the husbandman was at pains to select the sorek, or "choicest vine" ( Isaiah 5:2 ); so God's election of the Jews. 6. What must be done, to bring forth good fruit? my love-song concerning his vineyard: My beloved had a vineyard. their--that is, of the Jewish people. heavens--literally "clouds," that is, its sky is rather "clouds" than sky. 1. to--rather, "concerning" [GESENIUS], that is, in the person of My beloved, as His representative [VITRINGA]. Arab shepherds in the neighborhood shall roam at large, the whole of Judea being so desolate as to become a vast pasturage. flint--The ancients did not shoe their horses: hence the value of hard hoofs for long marches. Of the poisonous monk's hood [GESENIUS]. Isaiah 5, Coffman Commentaries on the Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. New York: American Bible Society: www.bible-history.com… . Compare "end of the earth" ( Deuteronomy 28:49 , &c.). The Book of Isaiah. We Christians, must be careful how we grow, as well. Isaiah 5:20 "Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil; that put darkness for light, and light for … The Lord is the friend who is well-beloved by Isaiah. Isaiah 5:2 “And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes.”. He built a tower in its … What Isaiah sawIn the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord sitting on a throne, high and lifted up, and the train of His robe … Compare Ezekiel 39:18 , where the fatlings are the rich and great ( 1 Corinthians 1:26 1 Corinthians 1:27 ). famished--awful contrast to their luxurious feasts ( Isaiah 5:11 Isaiah 5:12 ). I will sing for the one I love a song about his vineyard: My loved one had a vineyard on a fertile hillside. The ephah and bath, one-tenth of an homer. I will . This course is designed as an expository study of the Book of Isaiah, taking the student through the first third of this prophetic book with cross … They killed them and went the way of the world. Lord--a frequent effect of feasting ( Job 1:5 , Psalms 28:5 ). look unto the land" as a new image taken from mariners in a coasting vessel (such as all ancient vessels were), looking for the nearest land, which the darkness of the storm conceals, so that darkness and distress alone may be said to be visible. of my beloved--inspired by Him; or else, a tender song [CASTALIO]. When the time drew nigh, according to the ordinary prophetic usage, he handles the details more particularly (Isaiah 7:1-8:22'); namely, the calamities caused by the Syro-Israelitish invasion, and subsequently by the Assyrians whom Ahaz had invited to his help. Isaiah 5:6 “And I will lay it waste: it shall not be pruned, nor digged; but there shall come up briers and thorns: I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it.”. Thus "after their (own) manner" will express that the Christian Church should worship God in freedom, released from legal bondage ( John 4:23 , Galatians 5:1 ). Just as in this lesson today, it was possible for the vineyard to produce two types of grapes. We must grow toward Him and not go back into worldliness. Religion is sweet ( Psalms 119:103 ). . Who had God sent to help the vine to grow good grapes? take away the righteousness--set aside the just claims of those having a righteous cause. They, in the beginning, were the choicest vine. They possibly, were in the same church together. Literally, "tongue of fire eateth" ( Acts 2:3 ). . And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built … So Jesus Christ, in Matthew 21:40 Matthew 21:41 , alluding in the very form of expression to this, makes them pass sentence on themselves. There is a play on sounds and letters in the Hebrew of “he looked for judgment, (mishpat), but behold oppression, (mispach); for righteousness (tsedaqah), but behold a cry (tse’aqah). hoofs . What has... 2. Isaiah 5:8-23 . . The lands of the Scenite tent dwellers ( Jeremiah 35:7 ). Not accomplished in the Babylonish captivity; for Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Haggai, and Zechariah prophesied during or after it. The ulterior fulfilment took place in the siege under Roman Titus. 22, 23. choicest vine--Hebrew, sorek; called still in Morocco, serki; the grapes had scarcely perceptible seeds; the Persian kishmish or bedaria, that is, "without seed" ( Genesis 49:11 ). All rights reserved. 20. He dug it and cleared it of stones, and planted it with choice vines; he built a … kindled--( 2 Kings 22:13 2 Kings 22:17 ). The way to have beautiful fruit is to feed the vine the pure Word of God, regularly. of But what kind of crop did it produce? . . 16. vineyard--( Isaiah 3:14 , Psalms 80:8 , &c.). fruitful hill--literally, "a horn" ("peak," as the Swiss shreckhorn) of the son of oil; poetically, for very fruitful. pipe--flute or flageolet: from a Hebrew root "to bore through"; or else, "to dance" (compare Job 21:11-15 ). Bees were drawn out of their hives by the sound of a flute, or hissing, or whistling ( Zechariah 10:8 ). They were not acceptable for God’s purposes, because they were worldly. operation--in punishing the guilty ( Isaiah 5:19 , Isaiah 10:12 ). blossom--entire decay, both the hidden source and outward manifestations of prosperity, perishing ( Job 18:16 , Malachi 4:1 ). . strong drink--Hebrew, sichar, implying intoxication. 27. weary--with long marches ( Deuteronomy 25:18 ). Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. 14. hell--the grave; Hebrew, sheol; Greek, hades; "the unseen world of spirits." My well-beloved hath a vineyard in a very fruitful hill:”. . He dug it up and cleared out its stones, And planted it with the choicest vine. Ever ready for march or battle. JEROME tries to specify the details of the parable; the "fence," angels; the "stones gathered out," idols; the "tower," the "temple in the midst" of Judea; the "wine-press," the altar. Contrast to their drinking ( Isaiah 5:11 ). Isaiah 5:1-30. 21. Both physical and spiritual Israel is spoken of as God’s vineyard. wall--It had both; a proof of the care of the owner. So securely clad that not even a strap of their sandals gives way, so as to impede their march. . Isaiah 5:6: ver 10, 17; S 2Sa 23:6; Isa 7:23, 24; 32:13; 34:13; 55:13; Eze 28:24; Hos 2:12; Heb 6:8; Isaiah 5:6: S Dt 28:24; S 2Sa 1:21; Am 4:7; Isaiah 5:7: Ps 80:8; Isa 17:10; 18:5; 37:30; Isaiah 5:7: Isa 10:2; 29:21; … sanctified--regarded as holy by reason of His "righteous" dealings. The antithesis is between the slender cords of sophistry, like the spider's web ( Isaiah 59:5 , Job 8:14 ), with which one sin draws on another, until they at last bind themselves with great guilt as with a cart-rope. Fetid fruit of the wild vine [MAURER], instead of "choicest" grapes. cords, &c.--cart-rope--Rabbins say, "An evil inclination is at first like a fine hair-string, but the finishing like a cart-rope." . continue--drinking all day till evening. ensign--to call together the hostile nations to execute His judgments on Judea ( Isaiah 10:5-7 , 45:1 ). Be careful to please God. 13. are gone--The prophet sees the future as if it were before his eyes. HORSLEY takes "sea . tabret--Hebrew, toph, from the use of which in drowning the cries of children sacrificed to Moloch, Tophet received its name. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. bath--of wine; seven and a half gallons. Bibliography Information Bible History Online - Picture Study Bible, King James Version. Isaiah 5:3 “And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my vineyard.”. cast away . The care of the Lord over the church of Israel, is described by the management of a vineyard. 24. . The two verses are closely joined [MAURER]. the Lord--namely, has revealed it, as in Isaiah 22:14 . Figuratively, "the lambs" are the pious, "the fat ones" the impious. 2. What did the Lord expect His vineyard to produce? Isaiah 9:5-6; Isaiah 52:7; Isaiah 53:5; Micah 5:4-5 Read chapter in New International Version Compare Isaiah 5:15, Isaiah 5:16 with Isaiah 2:17; and Isaiah 5:1 with Isaiah … Woe to … 1. . that they may be--rather, and ye be. This, in a sense, is saying they went back to their worldliness. Disobedience to God’s teachings brought ________ to the house of Israel? The "strangers" are in this view the "other sheep not of the" the Jewish "fold" ( John 10:16 ), the Gentiles whom Jesus Christ shall "bring" to be partakers of the rich privileges ( Romans 11:17 ) fell from. But for mercy to it, in Isaiah 11:12 , 18:3 . 26. lift . In mine ears . A new prophecy; entire in itself. on a very fertile hill. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. 23 Who for a reward give support to the cause of the sinner, and who take away the righteousness of the upright from him. For all this, &c.--This burden of the prophet's strains, with dirge-like monotony, is repeated at Isaiah 9:12 Isaiah 9:17 Isaiah 9:21 , 10:4 . It is just as dangerous today to let the world creep into your worship as it was for the people of those days. wine-press--including the wine-fat; both hewn, for coolness, out of the rocky undersoil of the vineyard. Fifth Woe--against those who were so "wise in their own eyes" as to think they knew better than the prophet, and therefore rejected his warnings ( Isaiah 29:14 Isaiah 29:15 ). What kind of grapes did the vine produce? A. One was worldly (tares), and the other was Godly (wheat). Jesus Christ in the "vineyard" of the New Testament Church is the same as the Old Testament Angel of the Jewish covenant. . (Read Isaiah 5:1-7) Christ is God's beloved Son, and our beloved Saviour. We must also, be aware of the curses that come from disobeying God. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. waste . Isaiah 5:5 “And now go to; I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard: I will take away the hedge thereof, and it shall be eaten up; [and] break down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodden down:”. Language of defiance to God. “And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and … bitter . Each of us must walk in the light we have. root . These verses (from 5:1-7) explain a parable of the vineyard, which symbolizes Israel. . iniquity--guilt, incurring punishment [MAURER]. Probably delivered about the same time as the second and third chapters, in Uzziah‘s reign. counsel--God's threatened purpose to punish. What kind of fruit the vine produces has to do with the way we feed it. The play upon words is striking in the Hebrew, He looked for mishpat, but behold mispat ("bloodshed"); for tsedaqua, but behold tseaqua (the cry that attends anarchy, covetousness, and dissipation, Isaiah 5:8 Isaiah 5:11 Isaiah 5:12 ; compare the cry of the rabble by which justice was overborne in the case of Jesus Christ, Matthew 27:23 Matthew 27:24 ). . Not here, "the place of torment." The God of nature is, as it were, amazed at the unnatural fruit of so well-cared a vineyard. 5. Isaiah 5:4 “What could have been done more to my vineyard, that I have not done in it? As punishment for her unfruitfulness, Israel became desolate and accessible to any nation wishing to invade her, such as happened in the Babylonian invasion of 586 B.C., and will happen repeatedly until her national repentance at the second coming of the Messiah. I will . 15. command--The parable is partly dropped and Jehovah, as in Isaiah 5:7 , is implied to be the Owner: for He alone, not an ordinary husbandman ( Matthew 21:43 , Luke 17:22 ), could give such a "command." mingle strong drink--not with water, but spices to make it intoxicating ( Proverbs 9:2 Proverbs 9:5 , Solomon 8:2 ). “Wine” symbolizes the Holy Spirit of God. It is just planted. What time is verse 6 of chapter 5 referring to? 19. work--vengeance ( Isaiah 5:12 ). God has done all that could be done for the salvation of sinners, consistently with His justice and goodness. 5:5 And now come; I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard: I will take away its hedge, and it shall … . . Proud member The sad thing about this vine was the fact that the grapes were not fit to be used to make pure grape juice. . Isaiah 5:20-21. . The tares listened to the call of the world. . SIX DISTINCT WOES AGAINST CRIMES. 24 For this cause, as the waste of the grain is burned up by tongues of fire, and as … So the pronoun is singular in the Hebrew, for "them," "their," "whose" (him, his, &c.), Isaiah 5:26-29 ; referring to some particular nation and person [HORSLEY]. You, the Bible, and the Holy … hedge . . The vineyard belongs to Him (5:7). none . In verse 1 Isaiah assumes the role of a popular folk singer and sings a ballad about the Lord’s vineyard. he that rejoiceth--the drunken reveIler in Jerusalem. Learn more Start … sweet--sin is bitter ( Jeremiah 2:19 , 4:18 , Acts 8:23 , Hebrews 12:15 ); though it seem sweet for a time ( Proverbs 9:17 Proverbs 9:18 ). no rain--antitypically, the heaven-sent teachings of the prophets ( Amos 8:11 ). One pleasing unto God, and the other was pleasing to the flesh and the world. The “winepress” was a source of squeezing the choice wine out of the grape. 10. acres--literally, "yokes"; as much as one yoke of oxen could plow in a day. He expected them to be fair in their judgments and to be righteous, but instead they oppressed others and caused a cry to go forth. Suggestive of isolation, security, and a sunny aspect. Arabic, duf. The new Christian is like the baby vine. Otherwise from a different Hebrew root, "in its destruction" or ruins. sin--substantive, not a verb: they draw on themselves "sin" and its penalty recklessly. . However, the close of the chapter alludes generally to the still distant invasion of Assyrians in a later reign (compare Isaiah 5:26 with Isaiah 7:18 ; Isaiah 5:25 with Isaiah 9:12 ). vanity--wickedness. The New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures is published by Jehovah’s Witnesses. The thing that makes one different from the other is the fact that the wheat was fed on the Truth. The Assyrian army abounded in cavalry and chariots ( Isaiah 22:6 Isaiah 22:7 , 36:8 ). Sixth Woe--against corrupt judges, who, "mighty" in drinking "wine" (a boast still not uncommon), if not in defending their country, obtain the means of self-indulgence by taking bribes ("reward"). 1. command--The parable is partly dropped and Jehovah, as in Isaiah 5:7, is implied to be the Owner: for He alone, not an ordinary husbandman ( Matthew 21:43, Luke 17:22), could give such a … God shall be "exalted" in man's view, because of His manifestation of His "justice" in punishing the guilty. But now it shall be trodden down by wild beasts (enemies) ( Psalms 80:12 Psalms 80:13 ). The “vineyard of the fruitful hill” is who? wheels--of their chariots. In the parable of the wheat and the tares, the tares were growing with the wheat.

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